121st Lecture -- Dividing the World: German Visions of Global Order After an Axis Victory, 1939–1945
How did Germans imagine global order after the Second World War — in the event that they won? This is an alternate future that has been widely discussed in counterfactual fiction and film. But it was also an outcome that many Germans actually envisaged between 1939 and 1945. This lecture considers the postwar world as imagined by Ferdinand Fried, one of the most prominent journalists in Germany during the 1930s. After the outbreak of the Second World War, Fried devoted much of his energy to speculating about the future of the global economy in a postwar world that — as he anticipated — would be divided into multiple continental spheres of influence. His career sheds light on the visions of global order that underlay many aspects of Nazi diplomacy, and helps us understand their surprising persistence into the postwar period.
Joshua Derman is Associate Professor of Humanities at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is currently writing a book about German visions of global order in the Third Reich and postwar West Germany.