MPhil Thesis Presentation
Permissive Verbs in Hong Kong Cantonese: Synchronic and Diachronic Perspectives
Abstract
 
The present thesis studies the permissive verbs in Hong Kong Cantonese bei2 畀, zeon2 准, joeng6 讓, jam6 任, jau4dak1由得 and dang2 等 from synchronic and diachronic perspectives.
 
First, the feature of each permissive verb in question is discussed. It is demonstrated that bei2 畀 is the generic permissive verb, a hypernym of the others. The others each contain an idiosyncratic specification in addition to signifying the action of giving permission.
 
Second, the multiple functions exhibited by the permissive verbs are discussed. It is shown that bei2 畀 also exhibits the functions of an enabling verb, a permissive modal auxiliary verb and a passive and/or agent marker. Zeon2 准 also carries the permissive modal auxiliary verb function. Jam6 任 can also function as an enabling verb and an adverb of manner. Jau4dak1 由得 can also serve as an enabling verb and its similar form jau4 由 can be used as a passive and/or agent marker. Dang2 等 is also a causative verb and an unexpective subordinating conjunction.
 
Third, the historical development of the multiple functions of the permissive verbs is discussed. On the one hand, it is argued that the enabling verb function of bei2 畀, jam6 任 and jau4dak1 由得, the permissive auxiliary verb function of bei2 畀 and zeon2 准, the adverb-of-manner function of jam6 任 and the passive and/or agent marker function of bei2 畀 are directly derived from their permissive verb function. On the other hand, it is clarified that the passive and/or agent marker function of jau4 由 and the causative verb function of dang2 等 as well as its unexpective conjunction function, which are suspected of having developed from the permissive verb function, are in fact not directly etymologically related to it.
 
Speaker(s) Mr. Yik-po LAI
Date 8 Sep 2017 (Friday)
Time 2:30 pm
Venue Room 3401, Academic Building (Lift 2)
Language English